Book Projects: Consorting with Criminals: Smuggling and Statebuilding in the Interwar Period Why do some states cooperate with criminal groups while others do not? In the interwar period, the advent of multiple alcohol and narcotics prohibition regimes spurred an upsurge in organized criminal groups. State responses to the growth of criminal groups varied in ways that did not correspond to their institutional capacity. For example, Finland was far more successful than the United States in combating the bootlegging gangs that profited from the black market in alcohol. Meanwhile, Japan sought not to oppress but rather actively partnered with narcotics trafficking gangs to subdue a burgeoning labor movement, while funneling opium revenues to fund its imperial projects in Manchukuo. Why are some states—even weak states—more successful in combating organized crime than others? How does an understanding of state-criminal group dynamics inform our explanations of broader processes of statebuilding and economic development? In this book, I show that even strong states strategically cooperate with criminal groups, and that some criminal groups contribute to the development of the state and the economy. Furthermore, I argue that this is not a case of corruption, but rather statebuilding and development. My study is based on original analysis of court records, police records, parliamentary proceedings, diplomatic records, and secondary sources. I explore the book’s typology of state-criminal group relationships in the interwar period through four primary case studies of Finland, Turkey, Japan, and Britain, with shadow cases of the United States, Italy, and Persia.
The Practice of Multi-method Research: Mixing Qualitative and Quantitative Methods (with Jason Seawright) This volume focuses on a practitioner-oriented discussion of how to use integrative multi-method research design to strengthen causal inference using the common strategies in the social sciences: control variables, randomization, and process-tracing.
Article Projects: Multifinality: Analyzing Diversity of Outcomes with QCA Social Capital and Corruption in the Balkans: A Fuzzy-Set Analysis (with Carli Steelman) Battling Methodologies: Rare Events and Methodological Choices (with Christopher Butler) Contested Concepts and Causal Conditions (with Erin Damman)
Under review: The Logic of Counterfactual Analysis: Sufficient Conditions and WWI Red Widows and Spirit Kings: Alcohol Smuggling in Interwar Finland Finding the Question: A Puzzle-based Approach to the Logic of Discovery Violence and Structure in Organized Crime: The Advantages of an Integrative Multi-method Approach